ASTM F1249 Water Vapor Transmission Rate

ASTM F1249 Water Vapor Transmission Rate

Determination of Water Vapor Transmission Rate (WVTR), also known as Moisture Vapor Transmission Rate (MVTR), Using a Modulated Infrared Sensor to Measure Permeation of Flexible Barrier Materials is done by ASTM F1249. WVTR is an important property of packaging materials and is most often related directly to shelf life and packaged product stability.

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    Scope:

    A water vapor transmission rate (WVTR), also known as moisture vapor transmission rate (MVTR), by ASTM F1249 test  method to measure the passage of water through a material. This analysis tool using ASTM F1249 helps to calculate or measure the permeability of vapor barriers. In packaging or other industrial applications, finding the rate of vapor transmission through flexible materials is very important. The main important factors involved in the material permeation are the thickness of the material and environmental factors like temperature, relative humidity. Reliable values for the WVTR of plastic film and sheeting are determined through this test. 

    Test Procedure:

    For the ASTM F1249 test method distilled water is filled in a cup, and a small gap of air space is maintained between the specimen and water. The cup is then sealed, except for the test sample, to avoid vapor loss. The apparatus is weighed at first, and then at regular intervals before the effects become linear. To ensure that all weight loss is due to water vapor transfer through the specimen, the experiment must be carefully monitored. 

    Video 01: Water Vapor Transmission Rate (WVTR) testing method

    Sample size:

    A sample of 4 x 4 inches is generally used

    Data:

    The obtained data is plotted as weight vs time or transmission percentage vs time.

    Conclusion:

    Hence, ASTM F1249 is a standard test method that outlines an instrumented procedure for determining the rate of water vapor transmission through flexible barrier materials.

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