ASTM Testing Standards from Toys to Jet Fuel

ASTM standards are technical documents prepared and published by the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM International). These documents cover the procedures for testing and classification of all types of materials. These globally recognized ASTM standards can be test methods, practices, standards, specifications, or guides.

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    ASTM standards

    ASTM standards are the documents prepared and published by the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM International). There are more than 12,000 such technical documents that cover the procedures for testing and classification of all types of materials. ASTM standards can be test methods, practices, standards, specifications, or guides that are used around the world to enhance product safety, improve quality, facilitate trade and market access, and strengthen consumer confidence.

    ASTM standard is a document that has been developed and established within the consensus principles of ASTM International and meets the approval requirements of ASTM procedures and regulations. ASTM Standard is a descriptive used to encompass test methods, specifications, and other guiding documents.

    Types of ASTM Standards

    The types of ASTM documents are based on the technical content and their intended use.

    1. Classification: It is a systematic arrangement of materials, products, systems, or services into groups based on similar characteristics like origin, composition, properties, or use.
    2. Guide: This is an organized collection of information or series of options that may be used. A guide does not recommend a specific course of action; however, it increases the awareness of information and approaches in a given field.
    3. Practice: It is a set of instructions for performing one or more specific operations such as application, assessment, cleaning, collection, installation, preparation, sampling, decontamination, inspection, screening, and training. A practice does not produce a test result.
    4. Specification: It is a defined set of requirements to be satisfied by a material, product, system, or service.

    The requirements may be physical, mechanical, or chemical properties, or safety, quality, or performance criteria. A specification identifies the test methods required.

    1. Terminology: It is a document composed of terms and their definitions, descriptions, nomenclature. It also provides explanations of abbreviations, acronyms, and symbols.
    2. Test method: It is a definitive procedure that produces a test result when [performed on samples. Test methods may be used for the identification, measurement, and evaluation of different material/product qualities, characteristics, or properties. A test result along with a precision and bias statement is reported at the end of a test method.

    A brief description of most ASTM test methods is available here.

    Popular ASTM Standards

    Compression Set Testing by ASTM D395B

    Scope: Compression Set Testing by ASTM D395 method B is the process of measuring the capacity…

    Tensile Set (Elastomers) ASTM D412

    Scope: ASTM D412 is a standard test method for determining the tensile properties of thermoplastic elastomers…

    Rubber Property and Liquids Effect ASTM D471

    Scope: The ASTM D471 test method is used for evaluating the effects of standardized fuels, oils,…

    Specular Gloss ASTM D2457, ASTM D523

    Scope: The Specular gloss of materials is determined by using test methods ASTM D2457, ASTM D523.…

    Transparent Organic Plastic Refractive Index ASTM D542

    Scope: ASTM D542 test method provides a procedure for measuring the index of refraction of transparent…

    Water Absorption of Core Materials ASTM C272

    Scope: Water Absorption test by ASTM C272  calculates the relative absorption of water by different forms…

    Shear Test (Core) Tension or Compression Test ASTM C273

    Scope: Core Shear ASTM C273 test method determines the core shear properties of sandwich building material…

    Tensile Strength of Sandwich Constructions ASTM C297

    Scope: Tensile Strength of Sandwich Constructions ASTM C297 test method provides information on flatwise tensile strength,…

    Flatwise Compressive Properties by ASTM C365

    Scope: Compressive Strength Test of Sandwich Cores by ASTM C365 determines compressive strength and modulus of…

    Sandwich Construction Core Shear Properties ASTM C393

    Scope: Core Shear Properties by ASTM C393 test determines the flexural strength, core shear strength, and…

    Dielectric Strength ASTM D149, IEC 60243

    Scope: Dielectric Strength Test as per ASTM D149 evaluates solid electrical insulating materials for their use…

    Dielectric Constant and Dissipation Factor ASTM D150

    Scope: ASTM D150, IEC 60250 test method is used to measure Dielectric Constant (DC) and Dissipation…

    Izod Impact (Notched) ASTM D256, ISO 180

    Scope: ASTM D256 is a standard Izod impact test that determines the resistance of material samples…

    Surface‌ ‌Resistivity,‌ ‌Volume‌ ‌Resistivity,‌ ‌ASTM‌ ‌D257‌‌

    Scope: ASTM D257 test method covers direct-current (dc) procedures for measuring dc insulation resistance, volume resistance,…

    Oxygen Index ASTM D2863

    Scope: ASTM D2863 is a test method for calculating minimal oxygen concentrations in an oxygen/nitrogen mixture…

    Density of Sandwich Core Materials ASTM C271

    Scope: The standard test method, Density of Sandwich Core Materials ASTM C271, determines the density of…

    Chemical Compatibility ASTM D543

    Scope: ASTM D543 test to evaluate Chemical Compatibility is designed to gauge the resistance of plastic…

    Water Absorption ASTM D570

    Scope: The Water Absorption test by ASTM D570 is used for the calculation of the relative…

    Flammability ASTM D635, ISO 3795

    Scope: Flammability ASTM D635 standards assess the ignition or combustion properties of certain materials such as…

    Poisson’s Ratio ASTM D638, ISO 527

    Scope: ASTM D638 and ISO 527 are technically equivalent test methods. Poisson’s Ratio is a measure…


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