Tensile Strength of Sandwich Constructions ASTM C297

Tensile Strength of Sandwich Constructions ASTM C297

ASTM C297 test determines tensile strength and failure of sandwich core materials using a Universal Test Machine. Physical properties of material vary with temperature; thus sandwich construction materials are tested in conditions that simulate commercial application.

    Scope:

    Tensile Strength of Sandwich Constructions ASTM C297 test method provides information on flatwise tensile strength, core-to-face bonding stability, and load transfer of sandwich core materials. Both discontinuous bonded surfaces such as honeycomb materials and continuous bonded surfaces such as foams are tested by ASTM C297. The test results help in selecting material for designing parts that can withstand application force, and ensuring quality control check of selected materials.

    Test Procedure:

    ASTM C297 test specimens are incised out from sandwich panels, and their faces are bonded to aluminum blocks using an adhesive. The adhesive used is allowed for appropriate conditioning before testing. Out of the two aluminum blocks, one is mounted in a fixture on the moving side of the universal test machine, and the second aluminum block is mounted in a fixture on the fixed side of a universal test machine. The resulting assembly is then pulled apart at the recommended standard head displacement rate of 0.50 mm/min (0.020 in/min) till failure occurs. Sometimes, a speed that produces failure within 3 to 6 minutes may also be set. If a failure occurs between an aluminum block and the sandwich structure, then that is not accepted as a failure mode.

    Elevated or reduced temperature test procedure:

    The universal test machine has a thermal chamber installed in it. The chamber allows the test mounts from the base and crosshead of the testing machine to move through the top and bottom of the chamber. Standard test fixtures are fitted in the chamber, and Tensile Strength of Sandwich Constructions testing is carried out inside the controlled thermal environment that matches the ambient temperature. The chamber has internal electric heaters to maintain high temperatures and uses external CO2 gas as a coolant for lower temperatures.

    Specimen size:

    A variety of specimen sizes can be used to conduct a Tensile Strength test by ASTM C297. Specimen geometry is based on the cell size for discontinuous cellular bonded sides. The least facing size is 625 mm2 (1.0 in2) for continuous bonded surfaces.

    Data:

    Tensile Strength of Sandwich Constructions ASTM C297 test results determine the following:
    Core Failure
    Ultimate Flatwise Tensile Strength MPa (psi)
    Failure Location and Failure Modes:
    Cohesive Failure of Core-Facing Adhesive
    Adhesive Failure of Core-Facing Adhesive
    Facing Tensile Failure

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