Analysis of Sulfochromate Etch Solution ASTM D2674

Analysis of Sulfochromate Etch Solution ASTM D2674

The ASTM D2674 is a standard test method for the analysis of sulfochromate etches solution used in the surface preparation of aluminum. The ASTM D2674 standard specifies a method for determining the efficacy of an etchant used to prepare the surface of aluminum alloys for subsequent adhesive bonding.

    Scope:

    The ASTM D2674 standard specifies three different test procedures: 

    The sulfuric acid concentration of a Sulfochromate solution is measured using Method A. The hexavalent and trivalent Chromium concentration of a Sulfochromate solution is measured using  Method B. Method C is a substitute for determining the hexavalent and trivalent Chromium concentration of a Sulfochromate solution.

    Procedure:

    o Method A:  

    A 5-mL sample of sulfochromate etch solution is pipetted into a beaker and water is added.  Then, the sample is titrated with the NaOH solution to a pH of 3.5, using a pH meter. 

    o Method B:  

    ➢ For determination of Trivalent Chromium as Sodium Dichromate: 

    1 mL of the sample is pipetted into a beaker, followed by water and boiling H2SO4. The  AgNO3 and ammonium persulfate solutions are added while the mixture is still hot, then boiled and cooled to room temperature. A drop of HCI and one drop of the phenanthroline ferrous complex indicator are added, and the solution is titrated with the standard ferrous ammonium sulfate solution until it becomes pink. The total volume added is recorded after adding an excess of 5 mL of titrating solution. Back titration was done with the potassium permanganate solution until the color changed to apple green. The amount of potassium permanganate that was used to get to this point is kept track of. 

    ➢ For determination of Hexavalent Chromium as Sodium Dichromate: 

    1 mL of the sample is pipetted into a beaker, then 5 mL of H2SO4 is added, and the indicator is titrated with the standard ferrous ammonium sulfate solution until it turns pink, and then the standard ferrous ammonium sulfate solution is added in excess. The total volume of the  

    ferrous standard solution added is kept track of. The potassium permanganate solution was then back titrated until the color of the solution became very faintly green. 

    o Method C:

    Method C is intended as an alternative method for measuring the hexavalent and trivalent chromium content of a sulfochromate solution. 

    Specimen size:

    For ASTM D2674, the sulfochromate etch solution is itself used as a test specimen. 

    Data:

    According to the ASTM D2674, the amount of sulfuric acid present/added, amount of hexavalent and trivalent chromium present, and amount of sodium dichromate added are all reported.

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