ASTM E647 Test for Measurement of Fatigue Crack Growth Rates

ASTM E647 test method is used to determine fatigue crack growth rates from near-threshold to Kmax controlled instability. A crack growth equation is used for calculating the size of a fatigue crack growing from cyclic loads.

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    ASTM E647 test method is used to determine fatigue crack growth rates from near-threshold to Kmax controlled instability. Crack growth equations are used to predict the crack size starting from a given initial flaw. The growth of fatigue cracks can result in catastrophic failure. A crack growth equation can be used to ensure safety, both in the design phase and during operation, by predicting the size of cracks. In critical structures, loads can be recorded and used to predict the size of cracks to ensure that maintenance or retirement occurs before any of the cracks fail. 

    This ASTM E647 test method is used for the following purposes: 

    -To determine the effect of the fatigue crack growth on the life of components subjected to cyclic loading. 

    -To select materials for durable products. 

    -To determine the effects of metallurgical, fabrication, environmental, and loading variables on fatigue crack growth.

    Test Procedure:

    This ASTM E647 test method involves cyclic loading of notched specimens that have been acceptably pre-cracked in fatigue. Crack size is measured, either visually or by an equivalent method, as a function of elapsed fatigue cycles, and these data are subjected to numerical analysis to establish the rate of crack growth. Crack growth rates are expressed as a function of the stress-intensity factor range, ∆K, which is calculated from expressions based on linear elastic stress analysis. 

    Video 01: An introduction to fatigue testing

    Specimen size:

    As per ASTM E647, the specimen should be notched, and it should be predominantly elastic at all values of applied force. 


    Threshold equation: To predict crack growth rate at the near-threshold region, the following equation is used in ASTM E647 testing:


    ASTM E647 test method is used to determine fatigue crack growth rates from near-threshold to Kmax controlled instability. 


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