Evolved Gas Analysis (EGA) is a technique for structural analysis of gases and vapors evolved when a sample is subjected to controlled heating. EGA employs on-line coupling with FTIR, MS, GC-MS and TGA or DSC systems enabling simultaneous compositional, mass balance and calorimetric analysis. This technique finds use in analysis of a large variety of materials. The vast laboratory network of Infinita Lab, USA, offers this test to clients in the USA and across the world.... Read More
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Evolved Gas Analysis (EGA)
Evolved Gas Analysis (EGA) is an analysis technique that determines the nature and amount of volatile product or products evolved from a sample subjected to a controlled temperature program. Vapors released from the sample due to processes such as evaporation, decomposition or outgassing of inclusions during thermal treatment are immediately transferred through an interface, to the evolved gas analysis (EGA) system. The EGA system can utilize a variety of techniques such as Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), Mass Spectrometry (MS) or combination of MS with gas chromatography (GC-MS). Simultaneous thermal analysis using techniques such as TGA (thermogravimetry) or DSC (differential scanning calorimetry), can also be done, coupled with a fast Quadrupole Mass Spectrometer (QMS). This enables identification of the evolved gas components and real time correlation with the other thermal analysis parameters. In case directly coupled EGA systems are not available, then, the evolved gases can suitably be captured, for example, in an adsorbent followed by thermal desorption for off-line analysis.
EGA is widely used for polymer/plastics samples that contain a variety of additives, such as flame retardants, fillers, plasticizers, coloring matters, and antioxidants. The EGA technique has also been applied to other materials including chemical, pharmaceuticals, biomass, and various organic and inorganic compounds.
Common Uses of Evolved Gas Analysis (EGA)
Compositional and mass balance analysis
Aging and decomposition processes
Study of evaporation and volatilization processes
Advantages of Evolved Gas Analysis (EGA)
Compositional, mass balance and calorimetric information can be measured real-time.
Low sample quantity.
Wide heating temperature range and variety of materials can be analysed
Qualitative and quantitative analysis possible
Limitations of Evolved Gas Analysis (EGA)
Samples must be vacuum compatible
Complicated for unstable materials
Mostly used for lower molecular weight gases/vapors.
Industrial Applications of Evolved Gas Analysis (EGA)
ASTM E572 test method covers the analysis of stainless and alloy steels by Wavelength Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry (WDXRF). It provides rapid, multi-element determinations with sufficient accuracy to assure product quality.
The ASTM D2674 is a standard test method for the analysis of sulfochromate etches solution used in the surface preparation of aluminum. The ASTM D2674 standard specifies a method for determining the efficacy of an etchant used to prepare the surface of aluminum alloys for subsequent adhesive bonding.
An immunological method for quantization of Hevea Natural Rubber (HNRL) proteins using rabbit anti-HNRL serum. Rabbits immunized with HNRL proteins react to the majority of the proteins present, and their sera have the capability to detect most if not all the proteins in HNRL.
ASTM G65 measures the resistance of metallic materials to abrasion using the dry sand/rubber wheel apparatus. The quality, durability, and toughness of the sample are determined using this test. Metallic materials are ranked in their resistance to scratching abrasion under a controlled environment.
ASTM E2141 test methods provide accelerated aging and monitoring of the performance of time-dependent electrochromic devices (ECD) integrated in insulating glass units (IGU). This test helps to understand the relative serviceability of electrochromic glazings applied on ECD.
ASTM C724 test method is used in analyzing the quality and ease of maintenance of a ceramic decoration on architectural-type glass. This test method is useful in the acknowledgment of technical standards.
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