Electrothermal Vaporization ICP Optical Emission Spectroscopy (ETV-ICP-OES)

Electrothermal Vaporization ICP Optical Emission Spectroscopy (ETV-ICP-OES) is a technique that uses high temperature plasma, to produce free atoms and ions of a vaporized sample, for optical spectroscopic analysis of elements. The ETV-ICP-OES technique is very useful in the analysis of trace elements in a variety of applications such as coal analysis, metals and alloys, biomaterials and environmental analysis. Infinita Lab, USA, offers this test to clients in the USA and across the world through its vast laboratory network.

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    Electrothermal Vaporization ICP Optical Emission Spectroscopy (ETV-ICP-OES)

    The method uses Electrothermal Vaporization (ETV) to vaporize a sample into a carrier gas by controlled heating, followed by atom excitation in high temperature plasma and subsequent atomic emission spectra analysis using Optical Emission Spectroscopy (OES). ETV is achieved in a small graphite tube furnace, into which the sample is placed in a graphite boat. Argon is usually the carrier gas, along with a modifier gas. The carrier and modifier gases flow through the heated tube and transport the vaporized sample as dry aerosol, into the next stage of high temperature plasma. The sample can also be introduced after making a slurry, using a nebulizer. The plasma generator is an inductively coupled (ICP) type, comprising a quartz tube surrounded by an induction coil. At high plasma temperatures, atoms are excited to higher energy levels and upon their return to ground state, their optical emissions (photons) exhibit characteristic wavelengths, depending on the element. The intensity of emissions depends on the concentration of the excited atoms. These characteristic emissions are separated and measured by spectroscopy (OES). When calibrated against standards, quantitative estimates of elemental compositions can be obtained.

    The ETV-ICP-OES technique is very useful in the analysis of trace elements in a variety of applications such as coal analysis, metals and alloys, biomaterials and environmental analysis. Samples can be in the form of solids as well as slurries. Detectable concentrations are in the order of picograms.

    Common Uses of ETV-ICP-OES

    • Analysis of major, minor and trace elements in coal
    • Elemental analysis of oilfield waters
    • Elemental analysis on pure metals as well as alloys
    • Elemental analysis of biomaterials
    • Trace element analysis in ceramic materials
    • Environmental samples analysis for trace elements
    • Forensic analysis of human hair for trace elements

    Advantages of ETV-ICP-OES

    • Extremely sensitive technique, detectable concentrations are in the order of picograms.
    • Atom and ion spectra can be used
    • Rapid and economical

     Limitations of ETV-ICP-OES

    • Overlap of sensitive spectral lines due to rich spectra
    • High background radiation

    Industrial Applications of ETV-ICP-OES

    • Fossil fuels
    • Ceramics
    • Metallurgical
    • Environmental
    • Biomaterials

    More Details:

    Inductively coupled plasma – Wikipedia

    Folie 1 (tu-freiberg.de)

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